Mantis Shrimp are plentiful along some flats and coral reefs. In actuality, they are neither shrimp nor mantids, but receive their name purely from the physical resemblance to both the terrestrial praying mantis and the shrimp. They may reach 12 inches in length or more, but the ones that bonefish and permit normally feed on are a fourth that large. Mantis shrimp appear in a variety of colors, from shades of browns to bright neon colors. Although they are common animals and among the most important predators in many shallow, tropical and sub-tropical marine habitats they are poorly understood as many species spend most of their life tucked away in burrows and holes from which they ambush their prey. Mudding bonefish undoubtedly may excavate these holes by blowing jets of water down them. Mantis Shrimp have the ability to inflict painful gashes if not handled properly. They sport powerful claws that they use to attack and kill prey by spearing, stunning or dismemberment.