Midges and Chironomids

Midges and Chironomids are mosquito-like insects that inhabit every watershed that will support trout. They are the most widely dispersed aquatic insect genera. In many lakes and slower streams huge populations of these insects make them the most prolific food source for trout, bass and pan fish. In many alkaline lakes, double digit trout and larger than average bass and blue gills will selectively feed on midge pupae because of their easy availability. Midge feeding activity is most prevalent during spring and fall on most lakes, but can be year around on many lakes and streams.

Unlike most aquatic insects, which adopt a horizontal attitude when going about their normal business, chironomid pupae are suspended vertically in the water column. This is an important key to fish. A fly that rides horizontally can't look or act like a chironomid pupa.

Midges hatch year round and are most important to the trout fisherman during periods when hatches of other aquatic insects are light, such as late fall, winter and early spring. Midges can be active during all parts of the day, but by and large they like the warmer periods of the day during the cold months and the cooler parts of the day during the warm months.

The flies listed in our selection will cover most of the chironomid activity that you will encounter.
Click the links above for information on the individual fly patterns and their uses.